5 Arguments Why SP600125 Are Far Better In Comparison With Its Opponents
Added: (Sun May 14 2017)
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They found that initial responders showed slower responses on congruent trials where the target followed the threat image in threat/neutral image pairings, than on incongruent trials where the target followed the neutral image. Put otherwise, initial responders
showed selective attention away from threat, attending more toward neutral MAO images than to threat images. Secondary responders showed selective attention toward threat with slower responses on incongruent trials than on congruent trials. Treatment non-responders showed no evidence of an attentional bias toward or away from threat before or after treatment. Following treatment, initial and secondary responders showed difficulties disengaging from threat. This confirmed Legerstee et al. (2009) earlier conclusion that exposure might reinforce prolonged engagement with feared stimuli. Participants with a bias in either direction responded better to treatment than people with no bias at all. Price et al. (2011) investigated whether the direction of attentional selectivity, toward or away from threat, influenced treatment outcome in a sample of adults with SAD (N = 24) who underwent eight sessions of CBT including virtual reality exposure. Attentional bias was assessed using a neutral/threat (angry)
face Dot Probe task. Mean response times in congruent trials, when the target followed the threat image, were subtracted from incongruent trials, where the target followed the neutral image. Participants with a positive score on this index were classified as being vigilant toward threat whereas a negative score meant they were avoidant of threat. Avoidant attention biases at pre-treatment were associated
with worse post-treatment symptom scores relative to vigilant threat biases. A tendency to attend more toward threat was associated with improved outcomes relative to attending away from threat. The authors reasoned that avoidance of threat was analogous to distraction and poor engagement with exposure and worsened extinction learning. Further analysis suggested that the effect of an avoidant attention bias on treatment outcome was independent of the severity of this bias. However, for those with a vigilant threat bias, higher scores were associated with worse response to treatment. These findings suggest that even though generally attending toward threat may be beneficial, there is also variability within this bias, such that being highly vigilant and perhaps not being able to attend anywhere other than toward threat can be detrimental. The findings of Price et al. (2011) were replicated in a sample of children with a principle diagnosis of GAD or SAD (N = 35) that received a group CBT program (Waters et al., 2012).